Arata Isozaki a metabolist architect deigned Clusters in the Air in 1960-62 for Tokyo. He uses the same joint core system as he did for the City in the Air. The concept of the clusters was to develop a new way to structure housing around Tokyo. The Cluster are suppose to represent leaves from trees which are the housing units and the core represents the trunk of the tree.
preface by Richard Koshalek; essay by David B. Stewart and Hajime Yatsuka, Arata Isozaki: Architecture 1960-1990, [Rizzoli International Publication, Inc., 1191
The metabolist movement was started by a group of Japanese architects and city planners in 1959. The categories that the group in visioned for the future of cities around the world are large scale, flexible and extensible structures that facilitate an organic growth process.
Kisho Kurokawa is one of the founders of the Metabolists. Other architects and city planners that are involved with this movement are Akri Shibuya, Youji Watanabe, Kenzo Tango, Kisho Kikutake, Takashi Asada, Noboru Kawazoe, Kiyonori Kikutake, Fumihiko Maki, Masato Otaka, Peter Cook, Ron Herron, Justus Dahinden Walter Jonas, Moshe Safdie and Gunther Domenig.
The most famous metabolist projects are the floating city in the sea, Kiyonari Kikutake’s Marine City, tower city, ocean city, the wall city, the agricultural city, the Helix City and Nakagin Capsule Tower by Kisho Kurokawa.
Wikipedia Encyclopedia– Metabolist Movement
The Shinjuku Project located in Shinjuku, Tokyo was undertaken in 1960 by Arata Isozaki an metabolist architect. The Shinjuku Project is better known as the City in the Air because it’s joint core system. This project was design as a counterproposal for was dominate the skyline in Tokyo today. Their purpose for the design was to divide the district into rectangular sections and erect sheer vertical structures on them (joint core system). What the clients saw the proposal as was that Tokyo need a new metropolitan look that only could be accomplished by putting the city in the air.
preface by Richard Koshalek: essays by David B. Stewart, Arata Isozaki Architecture 1960-1990, [Rizzoli International Publication, Inc, 1991]
Helix city plan was designed by Kisho Kurokawa in 1961 during the early years of the metabolism movement. The city is more commonly known as the floating city because it is placed on the ocean. Kurokawa’s vision for the city was to have an organic city plan, having the land and water building structures to be connected only by bridges. The form of the spiral structures resembles DNA. The apartments in the structure are hung within the spiral to fill the spaces.
Kisho Kurokawa, Kisho Kurokawa From the Machine Age to the Age of Life, [Book Art Ltd.1998]